The Masses and The Elite Summary Analysis Machiavelli segues into a discussion of ecclesiastical principalities, which are "won by prowess or by fortune but are kept without the help of either. Unlike all other states, ecclesiastical princes possess a state but do not defend it and have subjects but do not govern them. Ecclesiastical principalities are largely safe from rebellions and are the only totally "secure and happy" states. Additionally, ecclesiastical states are "sustained by higher powers.
Before Alexander VI, the church was held in low esteem when it came to temporal affairs. Despite this, all other powers in Italy feared the Pope and the Venetians. All powers in Italy attributed the quarrelling between the Orsini and the Colonna to be reason why the church remained weak and powerless.
Consequently, this damages Ecclesiastical Principalities from emerging. The latter example proves arms to be a weakness of Ecclesiastical Principalities.
Therefore, the confidence in the church is lost because people cannot agree on the fundamentals of their practices. Again, this inhibits the development of Ecclesiastical Principalities. However, it is through arms that the Church had become such an influential entity. Eliminating the unfaithful is an important rule according to Machiavelli, and Moses displays dominance and provokes fear in his subjects who are easily persuaded to obey him.
As a result Ecclesiastical Principalities flourish. To summarize, arms can be an asset and a weakness to Ecclesiastical Principalities. Also, arms are only used for the acquisition of Ecclesiastical Principalities and are sustained by fear and heredity. Heredity is a strength of Ecclesiastical Principalities.
It is on the basis of heredity that Ecclesiastical Principalities develop. This principality follows practices that have grown old with religion. Machiavelli also believes that heredity enables Ecclesiastical Principalities to perpetuate because humans do not like new orders.
Nothing is more difficult to handle, more doubtful of success, nor more dangerous to manage than to put one at the head of introducing new orders. Pope Jullius demonstrates this perfectly by continuing through Alexander VI footsteps and finding new ways to make the church great by means of money and arms.
Fear is another strength that sustains Ecclesiastical Principalities. Moses invokes fear by brutally killing all who lost faith in him. Those who Moses spared remain thankful that they were not harmed while those who were harmed stay weak and too scared to rebel.
Machiavelli insinuates that all humans want to be controlled and guided. When not under direct guidance, humans are fearful of their life outside the Ecclesiastical Principality.
Fear was also used to maintain dominance by Remirro. He placed a mangled corpse in the middle of town square which left the people astounded. This is seen in all types of principalities. However, as the chapter unfolds, it becomes evident to the reader that Ecclesiastical Principalities are very similar to all other principalities.
For all principalities, arms are crucial for controlling a population and acquiring a state. Fear is a strength of Ecclesiastical Principalities and in fact, helps to maintain control over subjects. Finally, heredity is another strength of Ecclesiastical Principalities because of its credibility.
People feel entrenched in a principality when practices are consistent and rooted in the history of religion. Ecclesiastical principalities differ from other principalities because of the human incapability to comprehend the divine power that controls them.
Many humans cannot close the gap between the physical and spiritual life.Machiavelli's The Prince () Chapter XI: Concerning Ecclesiastical Principalities. It only remains now to speak of ecclesiastical principalities, touching which all difficulties are prior to getting possession, because they are acquired either by capacity or good fortune, and they can be held without either; for they are sustained by the ancient .
The Prince is an extended analysis of how to acquire and maintain political power. It includes 26 chapters and an opening dedication to Lorenzo de Medici.
The dedication declares Machiavelli's intention to discuss in plain language the conduct of great men and the principles of princely government.
|SparkNotes: The Prince: Terms & People||The Masses and The Elite Summary Analysis Machiavelli segues into a discussion of ecclesiastical principalities, which are "won by prowess or by fortune but are kept without the help of either. Unlike all other states, ecclesiastical princes possess a state but do not defend it and have subjects but do not govern them.|
Machiavelli suggests that ecclesiastical principalities are easy to maintain because they are governed by religion. The authority of the leader comes from God, so it is not questioned by the governed. Ecclesiastical principalities - A principality technically under the rulership of a prince, but nonetheless strongly dominated by the Church.
Hereditary principality - A principality ruled by a prince whose family has controlled the principality for several generations.
Machiavelli suggests that ecclesiastical principalities are easy to maintain because they are governed by religion. The authority of the leader comes from God, so it is not questioned by the governed. And although his intention was not to aggrandize the Church, but the duke, nevertheless, what he did contributed to the greatness of the Church, which, after his death and the ruin of the duke, became the heir to all his labours.